Sinan Yalçın, Mehmet Özbaş


This research, which aimed to investigate the relationship between organizational justice, perceived organizational support and organizational cynicism perceptions of academicians, was designed with the correlational survey model in the quantitative research pattern. The data of the research were collected with the organizational justice, perceived organizational support and organizational cynicism scales. The research was carried out with 132 academicians who were in-service in the Erzincan Binali Yıldırım University located in the Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey in 2019. The data of the research were analysed using the frequency, frequency, arithmetic mean, correlation and regression analysis. At the end of the research, it was found that the organizational justice, perceived organizational support of the academicians were at a high level, their organizational cynicism perceptions were at a low level. According to another result reached, there was a negative significant relationship between organizational justice, perceived organizational support perceptions and organizational cynicism perceptions of the academicians. At the end of the regression analysis, it was found that the academicians' organizational justice and perceived organizational support perceptions were a significant predictor of organizational cynicism.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


organizational justice, perceived organizational support, organizational cynicism, academician

Full Text:



Acaray, A. (2019). The moderating effect of power distance on organizational justice and organizational cynicism. International Journal of Economic and Administrative Studies, 24, pp. 197-214.

Akdemir, B., Kırmızıgül, B. & Zengin, Y. (2016). The relationship between organization cynicsm and job performance: a research. Journal of Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 6(2), pp. 115-130.

Akın, M. (2008). The effects of organizational support, social support and work/family conflicts on life satisfaction. Journal of Social Sciences Institute of Erciyes University, 25, pp. 141-170.

Altınkurt, Y. & Yılmaz, K. (2010). Examining the relationship between management by values and organizational justice by secondary school teachers’ perceptions. Educational Administration: Theory and Practice, 16(4), pp. 463-484.

Altınöz, M., Çöp, S. & Sığındı, Taner. (2010). Relationship between perceived organizational commitment and organizational cynicism: a research on four and five star accommodation establishments in Ankara Selcuk University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences Journal of Social and Economic Research, 11(21), pp. 285-315.

Andersson, L. (1996). Employee cynicism: an examination using a contract violation framework. Human Relations, 49, 1397-1418.

Andersson, L. M. & Bateman, T. S. (1997). Cynicism in the Workplace: Some Causes and Effects. The Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18, pp. 449-470.

Arslan, E. T. (2012). Cynicism and organizational cynicism trends of academicians at Suleyman Demirel university faculty of economics and administrative sciences. Journal of Doğuş University, 13(1), pp. 12-27.

Ay, G., & Koç, H. (2014). Determine the Relation between Perception of Organizational Justice and Level of Organizational Commitment: Study Case of Teachers. Journal of Business Research, 6(2), pp. 67-90.

Bal, V. (2014). Relations of Organizational Justice and Organizational Commitment: A Research in Educational Institutions in Manisa. Journal of Aksaray University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 6 (1), 1-9.

Baş, G. & Şentürk, C. (2011). Elementary School Teachers’ Perceptions of Organisational Justice, Organizational Citizenship Behaviours and Organisational Trust. Educational Administration: Theory and Practice, 17(1), pp. 29-62.

Bedük, A. (2014). Organizational psychology (2. Edition). Konya: Atlas Academy.

Bernerth, J. B., Armenakis, A. A., Feild, H. S., & Walker, H. J. (2007). Justice, cynicism, and commitment: A study of important organizational change variables. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 43 (3), 303-326.

Biswas, S., & Kapil, K. (2017). Linking perceived organizational support and organizational justice to employees’ in-role performance and organizational cynicism through organizational trust. Journal of Management Development, 36 (5), pp. 696-711.

Blakely, G. L., Andrews, M. C. & Moorman, R. H. (2005). The moderating effects of equity sensitivity on the relationship between organizational justice and organizational citizenship behaviors. Journal of Business and Psychology, 20(2), pp. 259-273.

Byrne, Z. S. & Hochwarter, W. A. (2007). Perceived Organizational Support and Performance Relationships Across Levels of Organizational Cynicism. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23(1), pp. 54-72.

Çakmak, K.Ö. (2005). Organizational justice perception in performance evaluation systems and a case study. Unpublished Master Thesis. Istanbul University Institute of Health Sciences. Istanbul Turkey.

Çetin, B., Özgan, H. & Bozbayındır, F. (2013). Examining the relationship between primary school teachers' perception of organizational justice and cynicism. Journal of Academic View, 37, pp. 1-20.

Çırak, S. (2013). Perception organizational justice of primary school teachers. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Hacettepe University Institute of Social Sciences, Ankara / Turkey.

Dean Jr, J. W., Brandes, P. & Dharwadkar, R. (1998). Note organizational cynicism. The Academy of Management Review, 23, pp. 341-352.

Demir, M. (2010). The effects of emotional intelligence on human resources selection: A research on managers of accommodation enterprises. International Journal of Human Sciences, 7(1), pp. 1066-1081.

Dishon-Berkovits, M. (2018). The role of organizational justice and stress in predicting job burnout. Journal of Career Development, 45(5), pp. 411-424.

Efeoğlu, İ. E. & İplik, E. (2011). An application in the pharmaceuticals sector to determine the effects of the perceived organizational justice on organizational synthesis. Journal of Çukurova University Institute of Social Sciences, 20(3), pp. 343-360.

Ergen, S. (2015). The relationship between teachers' organizational cynicism levels and organizational commitment. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Gazi University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Ankara / Turkey.

Erturhan Işkın, H. (2018). The impact of organizational justice on organizational citizenship, organizational cynicism and organizational revenge. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. Cumhuriyet University Institute of Social Sciences, Sivas.

Eryeşil, K. ve Fındık, M. (2011). Organizational cynicism. (Ed: Aykut Bedük). Organizational psychology: new approaches, current issues (pp. 97-118). Konya: Atlas Academy.

Estreder, Y., Rigotti, T., Tomás, I. & Ramos, J. (2020). Psychological contract and organizational justice: The role of normative contract. Employee Relations, 42(1), pp. 17-34.

Giray, M. D. & Sahin, D. N. (2012). Perceived Organizational, Manager and Colleagues Support Scales: Validity and Reliability Study. Turkish Psychology Articles, 15(30), pp. 1-9.

Güneş, A. M. & Buluç, B. (2012). The relationship between transformer leadership and organizational justice in primary schools. Turkish Journal of Educational Sciences, 10(3), 411-437.

Güzel, B. & Ayazlar, G. (2014). The Effect of Organizational Justice Towards Organizational Cynicism and Job Quit Intentions: A Research on Hotels. Journal of Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey University Social and Economic Research, 16(26), pp. 133-142.

Helvacı, M. A. & Çetin, A. (2012). Determining the organizational cynicism levels of teachers working in primary schools. Turkish Studies, 7(3), pp. 1475-1497.

Hussain, M. & Khan, M. S. (2018). Organizational justice and turnover intentions: probing the Pakistani print media sector. In Evidence-based HRM: a Global Forum for Empirical Scholarship. Emerald Publishing Limited.

İçerli, L. (2010). Organizational justice: a theoretical approach. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Development, 5 (1), 67-92.

Kalağan, G. (2009). The relationship between research assistants' perceptions of organizational support and organizational cynicism. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Akdeniz University Institute of Social Sciences, Antalya.

Kalağan, G. & Güzeller, C. O. (2010). The Organizational Cynicism Levels of the Teachers. Pamukkale University Journal of Education, 27, pp. 83-97.

Kanbur E. & Canbek M. (2018). The effect of perceived organizational justice on organizational cynicism: mediating role of perceived organizational support. Business & Management Studies: An International Journal, 6(3), pp. 36-57.

Karacaoğlu, K. & İnce, F. (2012). Reliability and validity of the Turkish version of brandes, dharwadkar, and dean’s (1999) organizational cynicism scale: The Case of Organized Industrial Zone, Kayseri: Business and Economics Research Journal, 3(2), pp. 77-92.

Kasalak, G. & Aksu, M. B. (2014). The relationship between perceived organizational support and organizational cynicism of research assistants. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 14(1), pp. 125-133.

Kerse, G., & Karabey, C. N. (2017). The effects of perceived organizational support on organizational identification: the mediating role of organizational cynicism. MANAS Journal of Social Studies, 6 (4), 375-398.

Kılıç, Ş. (2011). The relationship between organizational cynicism and organizational commitment levels of primary school teachers (Keçiören ilçesi örneği). Unpublished Master Thesis. Hacettepe University, Institute of Educational Sciences. Ankara Turkey.

Koçoğlu, M. (2014). Cynicism as a mediator of relations between job stress and work alienation a study from a developing country Turkey, Global Business and Management Research an International Journal, 6(1), pp. 24-36.

Mavibaş, M. & Belli, E. (2018). The investigation of organizational justice perception and organizational cynicism attitudes of the academic personnel in the faculties of sports science. ETU Journal of Social Sciences Institute, 3(6), pp. 121-133.

Mete, Y. A. (2013). Relationship between organizational cynicism and ethical leadership behaviour: a study at higher education, Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 89, pp. 476–483.

Naus, F., Iterson, A. & Roe, R. (2007). Organizational cynicism: Extending the exit, voice, loyalty, and neglect model of employees’ responses to adverse conditions in the workplace. Human Relations, 60(5), pp. 683-718.

Neves, P. (2012). Organizational cynicism: Spillover effects on supervisor–subordinate relationships and performance. The Leadership Quarterly, 23, pp. 965–976.

Örücü, E. & Özafşarlıoğlu, S. (2013). The influence of organizational justice on the turnover intention: a study in the republic of South Africa. Mustafa Kemal University Journal of Social Sciences Institute, 10(23), pp. 335-358.

Özbek, M. F. & Kosa, G. (2009). The influence of affective commitment, organizational support, upper management support and empowerment on service quality: a study of bank employees in Kyrgyzstan: Journal of Erciyes University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 34, pp. 189–212.

Özdevecioğlu, M. (2003). A research to determine the relationships between perceived organizational support and organizational commitment. Journal of Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 18(2), pp. 113-130.

Özgan, H., Çetin, B. & Külekçi, E. (2011). Observing primary education grade teachers’ organizational cynicism levels according to some specific variables. Journal of Social Sciences Research, 17, pp. 69-84.

Özgen, F. Ö. & Turunç, Ö. (2017). the role of person organization fit in the relationship of cynicism and organizational justice a research in education sector. International Journal of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 3(2), pp. 80-96.

Özgener, Ş., Öğüt, A. & Kaplan, M. (2008). A new paradigm in employee-employer relations: Organizational cynicism. Editörler: M. Özdevecioğlu & H. Karadal. Selected topics in organizational behavior, dark aspects of organizations and efficiency reducing behavior (pp. 53-72). Ankara: İlke Publishing.

Peplinski, M. S. (2014). Perceived organizational support, organizational cynicism and employee well-being. Thesis, Master of Applied Psychology (MAppPsy). University of Waikato. Hamilton, New Zealand.

Pillai, R., Scandura, T. A. & Williams, E. A. (1999). Leadership and organizational justice: Similarities and differences across cultures. Journal of International Business Studies, 30(4), pp. 763-779.

Meydan, C. H. Polat, M., & Tokmak, İ. (2010). The effect of empowerment perception on organizational identification: a study on public sector. Science Journal of Turkish Military Academy, 20(1), pp. 37-60.

Polat, S. & Celep, C. (2008). Perceptions of Secondary School Teachers on Organizational Justice, Organizational Trust, Organizational Citizenship Behaviors. Educational Administration: Theory and Practice, 54, pp. 307-331.

Shaharruddin, S., Ahmad, F. & Musa, M. M. (2016). Cynicism in organizations: does organizational justice matter? International Journal of Research in Business Studies and Management, 3 (2), 49-60.

Şamdan, T. ve Atanur Başkan, G. (2019). An Analysis of the Relationship between Organizational Justice and Organizational Cynicism According to the Perceptions of Teachers. Pamukkale University Journal of Education Faculty, 47, ss. 17-40.

Şirin, E. (2011). The relationship between teachers' perceptions of school culture and organizational cynicism attitudes in primary schools. Unpublished Master Thesis. Yeditepe University, Institute of Social Sciences, Istanbul / Turkey.

Titrek, O. (2009). The level of organizational justice in schools according to school types. International Journal of Human Sciences, 6(2), pp. 551-573.

Tokgöz, N. & Yılmaz, H. (2008). Organizational cynicism: an investigation on hotel organizations in Eskisehir and Alanya. Anadolu University Journal of Social Sciences, 8(2), pp. 283- 305.

Torun, A. ve Üçok, D. (2014). The effects of negative attitudes and expectations on burnout: a study on cynical attitudes and perceived psychological contract breach. Atatürk University Journal of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 28(1), pp. 231-250.

Turgut, T. & Agun, H. (2016). The Relationship between Organizational Justice and Organizational Cynicism: The Mediating Role of Psychological Capital and Employee Voice. Journal of Behavior at Work, 1(1), 15-26.

Turunç, Ö. (2011). The effect of organizatıonal justice and organizational identification on employee’s turnover intention: the mediating effect of organizational identification. Is, guc" industrial relations and human resources journal, 13(1), pp. 143-166.

Tyagi, N., Moses, D. & Rana, S. (2017). Influence of organizational justice on managerial effectiveness in institutions of higher learning. Productivity, 58(3), pp. 286-299.

Ünlü, Y., Hamedoğlu, M. A. & Yaman, E. (2015). The relationship between perceived organizational justice and organizational silence level of teachers. Sakarya University Journal of Education, 5( 2), pp. 140-157.

Yavuz, E. (2010). A comparative study on organizational justice perception of public and private sector workers. Dogus University Journal, 11(2), pp. 302-312.

Yazıcıoğlu, İ. & Gençer, E. Ö. (2017). The effect of organizational justice perception on cynicism: a research in vocational school of state universities. Journal of Business Research, 9(4), pp. 106-119.

Yazıcıoğlu, İ. & Topaloğlu, I. G. (2009). Relationship between organizational justice and commitment: a case study in accommodation establishments. Journal of Business Research, 1(1), pp. 3-16.

Yılmaz, K. (2010). Organizational justice perceptions of teachers working in public secondary schools. Educational Sciences in Theory and Practice, 10(1), pp. 579-616.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Sinan Yalçın, Mehmet Özbaş

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2022. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).