CONCEPTION D’UN LIVRE NUMÉRIQUE SUR LES CIRCUITS ÉLECTRIQUES ET FORMATION DES ENSEIGNANTS / DESIGN OF A NUMERIC BOOK ON ELECTRIC CIRCUITS AND TEACHER EDUCATION

Abdeljalil Métioui

Abstract


Dans la présente recherche, nous présentons un résumé des travaux réalisés de par le monde sur la formation scientifique des enseignants des écoles primaires et nous verrons qu’elle est insuffisante pour initier les élèves aux sciences. Ensuite, nous esquissons une synthèse des recherches qui développent des environnements didactiques axés sur l’expérimentation, en vue d’aider les enseignants à acquérir les rudiments de la démarche expérimentale. Finalement, nous illustrons la structure générale d'un livre numérique portant sur l'expérimentation relative aux fonctionnements de circuits électriques simples, suivis de quelques commentaires d'étudiants québécois en formation qui l'ont étudié dans le cadre d'un cours universitaire portant sur la didactique des sciences et des technologies, au primaire.

 

In this research, we present a summary of the work done around the world on the scientific training of primary school teachers and we will see that their training is deficient. Then, we sketch a synthesis of research that develops didactic environments focused on experimentation, to give teachers, the basics of the experimental approach. Finally, we illustrate the general structure of a digital book on experimentation related to the operation of simple electrical circuits, followed by some comments from Quebec students in training who experimented with it in a university course on the didactics of sciences and technologies at the primary level.

 

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Keywords


éducation scientifique, étudiants en formation des maîtres, école primaire, circuit électrique, manuel numérique / scientific education, pre-service teachers, elementary school, digital teaching materiel

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v8i12.4054

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