Vuong Chan Nguyen, Nguyen Thi Nguyen Tuyet


Ernest Hemingway, a distinguished writer, is well-known for his writing theory called the “Iceberg Principle.” This theory is used to introduce the concept of Heroism, which depicts the images of heroes differently from the traditional stereotype. His novels and collections of short stories were written permeating the Iceberg Principle. Among them, In Another Country, Old Man at the Bridge, and The Old Man and the Sea characterized the heroes with their unique characteristics which readers needed to dig out to get a deeper insight into man’s fate with emotional overtones. The current study, with a qualitative and descriptive approach, illuminates Heroism in these short stories. The results show that there are five aspects that Hemingway applied to reflect his Heroism including age, life tragedies, isolation, persistence, and stoicism. Besides, throughout the three stories, one can see the development of Hemingway's heroes as they strive to reach perfection during his literary career.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v10i2.4702


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