Ali Abdi Mohamed, Mahad Salad Mohamud


This paper examines a critical analysis of curriculum reforms taking place in Somalia and globally. It highlights the importance of education as a fundamental human right for the development of individuals and society. The paper explores how curriculum reform has become a global trend, driven by globalization, changing learner needs, and the desire to align education with global standards and competencies. It analyzes a series of curriculum reforms taking place worldwide, including examples from the United States, Europe, East Asia, Africa, and other countries. The focus then shifts to the specific case of Somalia, a country rebuilding its educational system after years of instability and conflict. The paper highlights the significance of curriculum reforms in shaping the future of Somali learners and addressing the challenges of the 21st century. It examines the rationale, objectives, processes, outcomes, and challenges of curriculum reforms in Somalia, along with comparisons to other countries undergoing similar reforms. These reforms emphasize various aspects such as critical thinking, creativity, vocational skills, and cultural relevance. The paper recommended the need for teacher training and professional development, improved, stakeholder engagement, global collaboration, and technology innovation.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v11i4.5261


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