Kam Tung Tuang Suante


Private tuition is the practice of academic teaching and learning from outside of the school with a fee but a few of studies acknowledged what private tuition provides to the receivers beyond the teaching of academic subjects. This study explored the intensity and nature of private tuition through 1119 Grade 9 students’ survey reports and 18 interviewees’ responses. The study revealed the common practice of private tuition in Myanmar and 69.5% of the participants are in private boarding tuition. Moreover, it concluded that students get supportive services for learning in private tuition in addition to academic teachings. 


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private tuition, private tutoring, shadow education, Myanmar, learning environment, high school


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