Chee Keong Chua


Engagement is crucial for all students in any learning. Attention wanes when children are disengaged and learning will decrease. Children with special needs will find it difficult to engage with teachers and activities due to factors such as inattention, slow processing speed, boredom, and others. Hence, the author of this paper proposed a TPE model which consists of three components (1) Task (T), (2) People (P), and (3) Environment (E). These components have a direct impact on students’ engagement in their learning. Additionally, suggested checklists on how these components can be used as guidelines to help teachers plan their lessons were also included. It is hoped that this model serve to promote active engagement in children with special needs in their learning so as to enhance motivation, attention, and participation. 


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engagement, children, special needs, classroom management


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