SUPPORTIVE THERAPY USING PERSUASIVE METHOD TO INCREASE SELF-SOCIALIZATION IN PATIENTS WITH PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA

Lita Gading, Tri Ratna Murti, Rilla Sovitriana

Abstract


H was a 27-year-old boy. He was a patient living at Kedoya social home and had characteristics such as following: had no social contact towards his friends, towards officers, inadequate eye contact during conversations, lack of politeness, unable to take care of himself, et cetera. Schizophrenia is a type of severe psychosis, with personality as the main source of disorder. Therefore, schizophrenia patients had disorders of thinking process, mood and feelings, as well as psychomotoric functions; marked with association disorder, affect, activity, attention, ambivalence, and autism. In this case, H was managed with supportive therapy and persuasive technique in order to evaluate socializing function of paranoid schizophrenia patients. The aim of the intervention is to report increases in all aspects, especially in social function, which includes a person’s learning process to discover and apply the culture of the community around him. This research was designed as a single case report, “ABA”, in which A was the early phase of intervention (baseline), B was the treatment phase, and A was the follow up phase, using data collection method, which includes observation, interview, and psychological test, as well as persuasive method, which consisted of influencing process, directing, providing examples, advices, as well as guidances up until a positive effect is created. At the end of the research, H was able to have social contacts with his friends, the officers, provided adequate eye contact during conversations, able to socialize, showed good manners (was polite), and was able to take care of himself, even though it was not optimal yet.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


paranoid schizophrenia, supportive therapy, persuasive method, increase socialization

Full Text:

PDF

References


American Psychiatric Association (2000): Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, A Text Revision, Washington DC.

Hawari, Dadang (2001). Pendekatan Holistik Pada Gangguan Jiwa Skizofrenia, Jakarta: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia.

Hawari, Dadang. Skizofrenia dalam Pendekatan Holistik Pada Gangguan Jiwa, Penerbit FKUI, Jakarta, 2003.

Marne, Gary Groth-t (2010). Hand Book of Psychological Assessment; Hoboken New Jersey

Davison, Gerald C. (2004). Psikologi Abnormal. Edisi ke-9. PT.Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta.

Davison, Gerald C., John M. Neale, Ann M. King (2006). Psikologi Abnormal; Grasindo Jakarta.

Gunarsa, Singgih D. (2001). Konseling dan Psikoterapi, Jakarta: PT BPK Gunung Mulia

Lindzey & Hall, C. S. (1993). Theories of Personality (Yustinus, penerjemah Yogyakarta; Kanisius (1978).

HIMPSI (2008). Standar Pelayanan Psikologi Klinis; Jakarta

Elizabeth Hurlock, B., (1990) Psikologi Perkembangan Erlangga; Jakarta.

Prawitasari Johana E. (2011). Psikologi Klinis, pengantar terapan mikro dan makro; Erlangga.

Santrock John W. (2002). Life Span Development, alih bahasa, Jude Damanik, editor Herman Sinaga, Ed.5 Jakarta Erlangga 2002.

Surya, Moh (1985). Kesehatan Mental, IKIP. Bandung.

Jeffrey, S. Nevid, dkk (2002). Psikologi Abnormal.Erlangga; Jakarta.

Muslim, Rusli (2001). Diagnosis Gangguan Jiwa, PPDGJ III ; Nuh Jaya Jakarta.

Maslim, R. Pedoman Penggolongan dan Diagnosis Gangguan Jiwa di Indonesia, edisi 3, Direktorat Kesehatan Jiwa Departemen Kesehatan RI, Jakarta, 2002, hal 46-51.

Sarwono, Sarlito W. (2002). Berkenalan dengan Aliran-Aliran dan Tokoh Psikologi ed, ketiga, Bulan Bintang, Jakarta, 2002.

Wikipedia (21 juni 2011), Taksonomi Bloom artikel diambil pada tanggal 23 Februari, 2014, dari http://id.wikiedia.org/wiki/Taksonomi_Bloom.




Copyright © 2015. European Journal of Special Education Research (ISSN 2501 - 2428) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms.

All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).