INCREASING HAIRDRESSING COMPLIANCE WITH A CHILD WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS

Anja Gajić, Bojana Arsić, Aleksandra Bašić, Dragana Maćešić-Petrović, Ružica Zdravković Parezanović

Abstract


The diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) itself can include problems with hyper responsiveness to different sensory stimuli. These difficulties can lead to different maladaptive behavioral manifestations and prevent children diagnosed with ASD from participating in certain activities. The aim of the present case study was to examine the effectiveness of shaping procedure application in order to increase compliance with haircutting with a six year old boy diagnosed with ASD. The procedure used for increasing compliance while getting a haircut was shaping and we divided the intervention into two phases. Phase one involved teaching the participant to tolerate the presence of the hair clipper on his head, while phase two consisted of increasing participant’s toleration of the sound emitted by the hair clipper. Generalization probe involved taking the participant into a hair salon, where he would receive hair grooming performed by a professional hair stylist. The child mastered phase one in 54 trials that were conducted during five sessions and mastered the goal time in phase two in 89 trials that were conducted during four sessions. In conclusion, shaping procedure appears to be an effective and efficient training procedure for teaching skills that are important for future everyday functioning in society of children with ASD, as well as basic hygiene skills, such as hair cutting. Study limitations and future research implications are discussed.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Keywords


haircut, shaping, autism, compliance

Full Text:

PDF

References


American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (Vol. 5th ed). Arlington: VA: American Psychiatric Publishing

Ayres, A. (1972). Sensory integration and learning disorders. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.

Baranek, G. T., Parham, L. D., & Bodfish, J. W. (2005). Sensory and Motor Features in Autism: Assessment and Intervention. In F. R. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders: Assessment, interventions, and policy (p. 831–857). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470939352.ch6

Buckley, J., Luiselli, J., Harper, J., & Shlesinger, A. (2020). Teaching students with autism spectrum disorder to tolerate haircutting. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 53(4), 2081-2089. doi: 10.1002/jaba.713

Carr, J., Nicolson, A., & Higbee, T. (2000). Evaluation of a brief multiple-stimulus preference assessment in a naturalistic context. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 33(3), 353-357. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2000.33-353

Cavalari, R., DuBard, M., Luiselli, J., & Birtwell, K. (2013). Teaching an adolescent with autism and intellectual disability to tolerate routine medical examination: Effects of a behavioral compliance training package. Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology, 1(2), 121-128. doi: 10.1037/cpp00000138.

Cooper, J. O., Heron, T. E., & Heward, W. L. (2007). Applied behavior analysis (2nd edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

Cuvo, A., Reagan, A., Ackerlund, J., Huckfeldt, R., & Kelly, C. (2010). Training children with autism spectrum disorders to be compliant with a physical exam. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4(2), 168-185. doi: 10.1016/j.rasd.2009.09.001

Daly, E., Wells, N., Swanger-Gagné, M., Carr, J., Kunz, G., & Taylor, A. (2009). Evaluation of the multiple-stimulus without replacement preference assessment method using activities as stimuli. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42(3), 563-574. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2009.42-563

Davison, G. (1968). Systematic desensitization as a counterconditioning process. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 73(2), 91-99. doi: 10.1037/h0025501

DeLeon, I., & Iwata, B. (1996). Evaluation of a multiple-stimulus presentation format for assessing reinforcer preferences. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29(4), 519-533. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-519

Dunn, W., & Westman, K. (1995). Sensory Profile. University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS.

Fisher, W., Piazza, C., Bowman, L., Hagopian, L., Owens, J., & Slevin, I. (1992). A comparison of two approaches for identifying reinforcers for persons with severe and profound disabilities. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 25(2), 491-498. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1992.25-491

Goldfried, M. (1971). Systematic desensitization as training in self-control. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 37(2), 228-234. doi: 10.1037/h0031974

Higbee, T. S., Carr, J. E., Harrison, C. D. (2000). Further evaluation of the multiple-stimulus preference assessment. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 21(1), 61–73.

Hugo, C. (2012). The use of contingent reinforcement to increase tolerance during haircut routines in children with autism (published master's thesis). College of Science and Mathematics, California State University, Fresno.

Kalb, L. M., & Loeber, R. (2003). Child disobedience and noncompliance: A review. Pediatrics, 111(3), 641–652. doi: 10.1542/peds.111.3.641

Lazarus, A. (1961). Group therapy of phobic disorders by systematic desensitization. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63(3), 504-510. doi: 10.1037/h0043315

Lovaas, O. I. (1993). The development of a treatment research project for developmentally disabled and autistic children. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 26(4), 617–630. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1993.26-617

McComas, J. J., Wacker, D. P., Cooper, L. J., Peck, S., Golonka, Z., Millard, T., et al. (2000). Effects of the high-probability request procedure: Patterns of responding to low-probability requests. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 12, 157–171.

Carnagey, N., Anderson, C., & Bushman, B. (2007). The effect of video game violence on physiological desensitization to real-life violence. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43(3), 489-496. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2006.05.003

O’Connor, K. (2012). Auditory processing in autism spectrum disorder: A review. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 36(2), 836-854. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2011.11.008

Pace, G., Ivancic, M., Edwards, G., Iwata, B., & Page, T. (1985). Assessment of stimulus preference and reinforcer value with profoundly retarded individuals. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 18(3), 249-255. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1985.18-249

Paul, G., & Shannon, D. (1966). Treatment of anxiety through systematic desensitization in therapy groups. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 71(2), 124-135. doi: 10.1037/h0023172

Piazza, C., Fisher, W., Hagopian, L., Bowman, L., & Toole, L. (1996). Using a choice assessment to predict reinforcer effectiveness. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29(1), 1-9. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-1

Piccin, S., Crippa, A., Nobile, M., Hardan, A., & Brambilla, P. (2017). Video modeling for the development of personal hygiene skills in youth with autism spectrum disorder. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 27(2), 127-132. doi: 10.1017/s2045796017000610

Probst, K., & Walker, V. (2017). Using the System of Least Prompts to Teach Personal Hygiene Skills to a High School Student with Comorbid Visual Impairment and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 111(6), 511-526. doi: 10.1177/0145482x1711100603

Russell, A., Murphy, C., Wilson, E., Gillan, N., Brown, C., & Robertson, D. et al. (2015). The mental health of individuals referred for assessment of autism spectrum disorder in adulthood: A clinic report. Autism, 20(5), 623-627. doi: 10.1177/1362361315604271

Simonoff, E., Pickles, A., Charman, T., Chandler, S., Loucas, T., & Baird, G. (2008). Psychiatric Disorders in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Prevalence, Comorbidity, and Associated Factors in a Population-Derived Sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47(8), 921-929. doi: 10.1097/chi.0b013e318179964f

Skinner, B. F. (1953). Science and human behavior. New York: Macmillan.

Sundberg, M. L. (2008). Verbal behavior milestones assessment and placement program: The VB-MAPP. Concord, CA: AVB Press.

Thurgate, C., Heppel, S. (2005). Needle phobia: Changing venepuncture practice in ambulatory care. Paediatric Nursing, 17(9), 15–28. doi: 10.7748/paed.17.9.15.s22

Veazey, S., Valentino, A., Low, A., McElroy, A., & LeBlanc, L. (2015). Teaching Feminine Hygiene Skills to Young females with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 9(2), 184-189. doi: 10.1007/s40617-015-0065-0

Riviere, V., Becquet, M., Peltret, E., Facon, B., & Darcheville, J. (2011). Increasing compliance with medical examination requests directed to children with autism: effects of a high-probability request procedure. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44(1), 193-197. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-193




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejse.v7i2.3758

Copyright © 2015. European Journal of Special Education Research (ISSN 2501 - 2428) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms.

All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).