AFFECTING FACTORS OF THE PARTICIPATION OF VISUALLY IMPAIRED ATHLETES IN SPORTS WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL THEORY

Dinçer Özdemir, Mehmet Şahin, Faruk Salih Şeker

Abstract


The aim of the study is to determine to examine the current literature concerning the dynamics that encourage participation in sportive/physical activity in visually impaired individuals about the social ecological theory offered by developmental psychologist Uri Bronfenbrenner. This theory argues that the environmental layers have an effect on the development processes of individuals. Three separate systems constitute Bronfenbrenner’s model. These are the microsystem, mesosystem and exo-system, while all of these systems can operate individually on the individual, they are also systems that can work together on the individual. The microsystem constitutes the smallest and closest environment the individual lives. In the microsystem, such as parents, friends, staff (coach, teacher, club president), school, form the micro-system layer. On the other hand, the mesosystem consists of the interactions of different microsystems of which the individual is a part. In other words, it is basically a whole consisting of different microsystems. For example, it includes the relations between an individual's home and school, peer group and family and other social institutions. The exo -system layer covers the social structures that make up the institutional impact and the variables that show the interaction with these structures, such as institutional support, legal regulations, financial support, guidance service, management and auditing. In the study, we used qualitative analysis methods and techniques. We preferred the “purposive sampling” in determining the sample group in the study. We collected data from 13 male and 1 female impaired active athletes participated in the research and the ages of these participants were in the range of 17-47 years, living in Istanbul, Turkey. We used semi-structured, open-ended questions with the thematic analysis method of data. We took notes, kept diaries and recorded all impressions with dates and times. The results of the research evidently layout that all the variables that visually impaired individuals interact throughout their lives have an impact on their participation in sports. In this context, individual well-being, family characteristics, the nature of the relationship with the geographical features of the region and adaptation to the age individuals lived showed that all the variables were in a relationship with each other like the links of the chain.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Keywords


visually impaired people, participation in sports, socio-ecological theory

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akyol, B., & İlkim, M. (2018). Socialization of disabled people with sports activities and their problem encountered in participating in sports activities. Türk Spor ve Egzersiz Dergisi, 20(2), 100-104.

Arabacı, R., & Çankaya, C. (2007). Beden eğitimi öğretmenlerinin fiziksel aktivite düzeylerinin araştırılması. Uludağ Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 20(1), 1-15.

Atasavun Uysal, D. Düger, T. (2012). Visual Percepton training on social skills and activity performance in lowvision children. Scand J Occup Ther, 19:33-41

Atasavun Uysal, S. Erden, Z. Albayrak, T. Demirtürk, F. (2010). Comparison of Balance and gait in vissualy or hearing impaired children. Percept mot skills, 111(1), 71-80

Atasavun, S. (2004). Farklı görme düzeylerine sahip çocuklarda motor ve kognitif yeteneklerinin karşılaştırılması. (Master’s Thesis). Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Ankara.

Bakanlığı, S. (2014). Türkiye fiziksel aktivite rehberi. Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Kurumu, Ankara.

Başkanlığı, T. B. Ö. İ. (2008). Özürlüler Kanunu ve İlgili Mevzuat, 3. Baskı. Ankara: TC Başbakanlık Özürlüler İdaresi Başkanlığı Yayınları.

Bundon, A., Ashfield, A., Smith, B., & Goosey-Tolfrey, V. L. (2018). Struggling to stay and struggling to leave: The experiences of elite para-athletes at the end of their sport careers. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 37, 296-305.

Büyüköztürk, Ş., Kılıç Çakmak, E., Akgün, Ö.E., Karadeniz, Ş., Demirel, F., 2013. Pegem Eğitimde Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemleri - Şener Büyüköztürk Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık

Çalışkan, E., Şirinkan, A., Erciş, S., Saraçoğlu, N. ve Akoğuz, N. (2008). Engelli Çocuğu Olan Ailelerin Beden Eğitimi Ve Spor Etkinlikleri Hakkındaki Görüşleri, 10. Uluslararası Spor Bilimleri Kongresi Poster Bildiri Uzun Özetleri Kitabı. Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi, Bolu.

Charles, O. O., & Chinaza, N. K. (2018). Barriers and Facilitators of Physical Activity Participation Among Youth with Visual and Hearing Impairments in Nigeria: A Qualitative Study. Palaestra, 32(3).

Demir, T., & Ülker, Ş. E. N. (2009). Görme Engelli Öğrencilerin Çeşitli Değişkenler Açisindan Öğrenme Stilleri Üzerine Bir Araştirma. Journal of International Social Research, 2(8).

Engelli ve Yaşlı İstatistik Bülteni (2021), https://www.ailevecalisma.gov.tr/media/73073/eyhgm_istatistik_bulteni_subat2021.pdf

Groff, D. G., Lundberg, N. R., & Zabriskie, R. B. (2009). Influence of adapted sport on quality of life: Perceptions of athletes with cerebral palsy. Disability and rehabilitation, 31(4), 318-326.

Haegele, J. A., & Porretta, D. L. (2015). Physical activity and school-aged individuals with visual impairments: A literature review. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 32(1), 68-82.

Hands, B., & Larkin, D. (2006). Physical fitness differences in children with and without motor learning difficulties. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 21(4), 447-456.

Hutzter, Y., & Bar‐Eli, M. (1993). Psychological benefits of sports for disabled people: A review. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 3(4), 217-228

İlhan, L. (2009). Zihinsel Engelli Çocuğu Olan Anne-Babalarin Çocuklarinin Özel Eğitimleri Sürecinde Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Etkinliklerine Yaklaşimlarinin Değerlendirilmesi. Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 3(1), 38-48.

Jaarsma et al. (2014). Barriers to and Facilitators of Sports Participation in People with Visual Impairments, Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, (31) 240-264 264 http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/apaq.2013-0119.

Kandel, I., & Merrick, J. (2007). The child with a disability: parental acceptance, management and coping. The scientific world Journal, 7, 1799-1809.

Kaur, Y. (2010). Family support model for the management of disabled children. Studies on Home and Community Science, 4(3), 179-184.

Kumcağız, H., & Çayır, G. A. (2018). Sporun, fiziksel engelli bireylerin yaşam kalitesi üzerine etkisine ilişkin görüşler. İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 19(3), 654-669.

Mauerberg-deCastro, E., Campbell, D. F., & Tavares, C. P. (2016). The global reality of the Paralympic Movement: Challenges and opportunities in disability sports. Motriz: Revista de Educação Física, 22(3), 111-123.

Özer DS. (2001) Engelliler için Beden Eğitimi ve Spor, 1. Basım, Ankara, Nobel Yayın Dağıtımı.

Shields, N., Synnot, A. J., & Barr, M. (2012). Perceived barriers and facilitators to physical activity for children with disability: a systematic review. British journal of sports medicine, 46(14), 989-997.

Strickling, C. A., & Pogrund, R. L. (2002). Motor focus: Promoting movement experiences and motor development. In R. L. Pogrund & D. L. Fazzi (Eds.), Early focus: Working with young children who are blind or visually impaired and their families (2nd ed., pp. 287-325). New York: American Foundation for the Blind.

The World Report on Vision (2019) , https://www.iapb.org/learn/resources/the-world-report-on-vision/

U. Bronfen Brenner (1976). The Ecology of Human Development. Experiments By Nature and Design. Harvard Universty Press, Cambridge, Massachussetts, London, England.

Valliant, P. M., Bezzubyk, I., Daley, L., & Asu, M. E. (1985). Psychological impact of sport on disabled athletes. Psychological reports, 56(3), 923-929.

Willis, C. E., Reid, S., Elliott, C., Nyquist, A., Jahnsen, R., Rosenberg, M., & Girdler, S. (2019). ‘It’s important that we learn too’: empowering parents to

World Health Organization (WHO) (2014-2019, 2013a,2015a). Universal Eye Health: A Global Action Plan, Geneva, WHO.

Zoerink, D. A. (1992). Exploring sport socialization environments of persons with orthopedic disabilities. Palaestra, 8(3), 38-45.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejse.v7i3.3910

Copyright © 2015. European Journal of Special Education Research (ISSN 2501 - 2428) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms.

All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).