THE USE OF COOPERATIVE INTEGRATED READING AND COMPOSITION (CIRC) METHOD TO IMPROVE READING COMPREHENSION ABILITY OF VISUALLY IMPAIRED STUDENTS IN THE 3rd GRADE OF SD SLB A YKAB SURAKARTA, INDONESIA

Esdaniar Khoirunisa, G. Gunarhadi, Abdul Salim Choiri, S. Sunardi

Abstract


This study aims to determine effects of the use of Cooperative Integrated Reading And Composition (CIRC) methods to enhance reading comprehension ability of visually impaired students in the 3rd grade of SLB A YKAB Surakarta. This research used experiment method with one group posttest pretest design. The subject is given treatment in the form of the application CIRC method in reading comprehension learning for four sessions, with duration for 60 minutes for each session. The effectiveness of CIRC method will be proved by the differences of the test result between pretest and posttest of reading comprehension. The population in this research are 5 visually impaired students in the 3rd grade of SLB A YKAB Surakarta. The entire population was also sampled simultaneously. The data collection technique is test by using short answer question. The data was analyzed using a statistical analysis nonparametric Wilcoxon signed rank test through SPSS program version 20.  

            Based on statistical analysis, the mean score of the posttet is higher than the mean score of pretest, namely 81,316 for posttest and 68,656 for pretest. Non-parametrik statistical analysis also indicated that score of Z = -2,032 and P = 0,042. Thus, the hypothesis “CIRC method was effective to improve reading comprehension ability of visually impaired students in the 3rd grade of SLB A YKAB Surakarta” can be accepted. It can be concluded that CIRC method has positive effect on reading comprehension ability of visually impaired students in the 3rd grade of SD SLB A YKAB Surakarta.

 

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Keywords


CIRC method, visually impaired, reading comprehension, classroom action research

References


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