Yang Zhong Fei, Foong Chee Haur, S. M. Ferdous Azam


Establishing a well-structured faculty is a significant plan for the reform and development of provincial-level universities. This paper analyzes and analyzes the age structure and scholarship structure of the five teachers of Tongren University, and finds out some hidden problems in the construction of the school’s teaching staff, and proposes corresponding countermeasures. The research has been developed based on quantitative research methods through a measurement model and tried to gain further understanding. After that, by providing self-administered questionnaires, the primary data required is collected according to the survey strategy. Full-time teachers who teach at Tongren University in Guizhou, China, were selected as the sampling frame for this study. Findings show that a positive relationship exists between Age Structure and Team Structure. Also, there is a significant relationship found between Scholarship Structure and Team Structure; as well as a positive relationship found between Team Structure and Sustainable Development. This study is limited to Tongren University and may not provide similar findings in a different university. However, this study can be used as a guideline for future study on other factors which will influence the development of high-level talent lecturer team.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



determinants, teacher, team structure, sustainable development, Tongren University, China

Full Text:



Al Shehhi and Azam, S. M. F. (2019a). Total Quality Management and Project Management towards Organisational Success of Agriculture and Fisheries in Sultanate of Oman: A Measurement Model, European Journal of Management and Marketing Studies, 4 (1): 1-17

Al Shehhi and Azam, S. M. F. (2019b). Developing and Validating the TQM Framework in the Sultanate of Oman Agriculture and Fisheries Context, European Journal of Economic and Financial Research, 3(4): 30-42

Al Shehhi and Azam, S. M. F. (2019c). Measuring the Mediating Role of Project Management between Total Quality Management and Organisational Success in Sultanate of Oman, European Journal of Human Resource Management Studies, 2(2): 45-58

Anderson, E. (1996), “Customer satisfaction and price tolerance”, Marketing Letters, 7(3), 265-274

Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1982). Some methods for specifying measurement models to obtain one-dimensional construct measurement. Journal of Marketing Research, 19, 453-390

Azam, S. M. F. and Moha Asri A. (2015). ”Differential Roles between Owner and Manager in Financial Practice That Contributes to Business Success: An Analysis on Malaysian Small Business”, Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 4 (1 S2): 123-134

Azam, S. M. F., Haque, A., Sarwar, A. and Anwar, N. (2014), “Training Program Effectiveness of Service Initiators: Measuring Perception of Female Employees of Bank Using Logistic Approach”, Asian Research Journal of Business Management, 1 (2): 98-108

Cao Yu (2015). The transformation and development of local undergraduate colleges is a response to the situation. Journal of Hebei Normal University: Educational Science Edition, 17(1), 62-66.

Chen Feng (2014). Reflections on some issues concerning the transformation and development of some ordinary undergraduate universities. China Higher Education, 12.

Chen Jianguo (2014). Wisconsin Thought and the Transformation of Local Universities in China[j]. Higher Education Research, 12, 46-53.

Chen Xiao (2015). Breaking through the discipline: a new perspective for the transformation and development of higher education institutions--consideration of the application-oriented talent training system with reconstruction ability. Chinese University Teaching, 2, 21-25.

Chen Xiaohu & Yang Xiang. (2013). Fourteen fundamental problems in the development of new applied undergraduate colleges. Chinese University Teaching, 1(17), 22.

Chen Yongbin (2014). The Dilemma and Strategy of Transformation and Development of Local Undergraduate Colleges. China Higher Education Research, 11, 38-42.

Chong, P. L., Ong, T. S., Abdullah, A. and Choo, W. C. (2019). Internationalisation and Innovation on Balanced Scorecard (BSC) among Malaysian Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), Management Science Letters, 9(10): 1617–1632

De Silva, A. D. A., Khatibi, A. and Azam, S. M. F. (2017). Do the Demographic Differences Manifest in Motivation to Learn Science and Impact on Science Performance? Evidence from Sri Lanka, International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 16(S1), 47–67

Dewi, N., Azam, S. M. F. and Yusoff, S. K. M. (2019). Factors influencing the information quality of local government financial statement and financial accountability, Management Science Letters, 9 (9): 1373-1384

Dong Liping (2014). Transformation and development of local universities and the application of applied technology universities. Educational Research, 35(8), 67-74.

Fan Qian & Qiu Hui(2018).On Construction of Teacher Staff in Local Universities in Transitional Duration. Heilongjiang Higher Education Research,(2),104-106.

Ge Linbo (2017). Journal of Beijing Institute of Graphic Communication, On Transformation of Teaching Faculty in Application- oriented University- Based on Newly-built Provincial University,(5),87-89.

Guo Qiang & Zhou Tong (2015). Sino-foreign cooperative education: a valid path for the transformation and development of local undergraduate colleges. Education Review, (4), 9-11.

Han Fubin (2016). Discussion on the construction of teachers in the transformation of local undergraduate colleges. Vocational education forum,(2),61-62

Haque A., Sarwar, A., Azam, S. M. F. and Yasmin, F. (2014), “Total Quality Management Practices in the Islamic Banking Industry: Comparison between Bangladesh and Malaysian Islamic Bank”, International Journal of Ethics in Social Sciences, 2 (1): 5-18.

Haur, C. H., Khatibi, A. and Azam, S. M. F. (2017), “Antecedents of Consumers’ Perception towards Online Advertising in Malaysia: The Structure Equation Modeling Approach”, European Journal of Management and Marketing Studies, 2 (3): 15-30

Hou Changlin, Luo Jing, & Ye Dan (2015). The choice of new undergraduate colleges and universities under the perspective of applied universities [j]. Educational Research, (4): 61-69.

Hu, L. T. and Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cut off Criteria for Fit Indexes in Covariance Structure Analysis: Conventional Criteria versus New Alternatives, Structural Equation Modelling 6 (1), 1-55.

Jayasuriya, N. A. and Azam, S. M. F. (2017). International Review of Management and Marketing, 7(5), 178-183.

Jinquan (2009). Research on the policy factors of the construction of teaching staff in higher vocational colleges. Science and Education Wenhui, (36), 7-8.

Katukurunda, K. G. W. K., Yajid, S. M. A, Khatibi, A. and Azam, S. M. F. (2019). Students’ Satisfaction towards Biosystems Technology; Does Programme Quality Matters? (Evidence from Sri Lankan Perspectives), European Journal of Open Education and E-learning Studies, 3 (2): 174-190

Kuruwitaarachchi, N., Yajid, S. M. A, Khatibi, A. and Azam, S. M. F. (2019). Enhance the use of Internet Based Advanced Communication Technologies in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Sri Lanka, European Journal of Social Sciences Studies, 3 (2): 44-57

Li Chaoyou, Qiao Pengchao, Liu Chaoyang, & Fu Yuan. (2016). Research on the optimization of the structure of full-time teachers in China’s universities. Coal Higher Education, 34(4), 103-107.

Li Mingqiang & Wu, Wenwen (2015). Enlightenment of the experience of foreign applied technology universities on the transformation of local universities in China. Higher Education Review, 1, 170-184.

Liu Yanjun (2015). Research on the Transformation Development Model of Local Undergraduate Universities [j]. China Higher Education Research, 10, 82-86.

Maghfuriyah, A., Azam, S. M. F. and Shukri, S. (2019). Market Structure and Islamic Banking Performance in Indonesia: An Error Correction Model, Management Science Letters, 9 (9): 1407-1418

Malhotra, N. K. (2011). Basic marketing research, Pearson Higher Ed.

McDonald, R. P. and Ho, M.-H. R. (2002). Principles and Practice in Reporting Statistical Equation Analyses, Psychological Methods, 7 (1), 64-82.

Miles, J. and Shevlin, M. (2007). A time and a place for incremental fit indices, Personality and Individual Differences, 42 (5), 869-74.

Nguyen, H. N., Tham, J., Khatibi, A. and Azam, S. M. F. (2019). Enhancing the Capacity of Tax Authorities and its Impact on Transfer Pricing Activities of FDI Enterprises in Ha Noi, Ho Chi Minh, Dong Nai, and Binh Duong Province of Vietnam, Management Science Letters, 9 (8): 1299-1310

Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric Theory, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY.

Oliver, R. L. (1993). Cognitive, Affective, and Attribute Bases of the Satisfaction Response. Journal of Consumer Research, Volume 20, pp. 418-430.

Pambreni, Y., Khatibi, A., Azam, S. M. F. and Tham, J. (2019). The Influence of Total Quality Management toward Organization Performance, Management Science Letters, 9 (9): 1397-1406

Pushpakumara, W. D. H., Atan, H., Khatib, A., Azam, S. M. F. and Tham, J. (2019). Developing a Framework for Scrutinizing Strategic Green Orientation and Organizational Performance with Relevance to the Sustainability of Tourism Industry, European Journal of Social Sciences Studies, 4 (3): 1-18

Qian Haiting (2009). An analysis of the construction of teachers in local undergraduate colleges. Journal of Xi’an University of Arts and Science, 5, 85-87

Qu Dianbin & Zhao Yushi. (2014). Problems and Countermeasures in the Transformation and Development of Local Undergraduate Universities. China Higher Education, 12, 25-28.

Rachmawati, D., Shukri, S., Azam, S. M. F. and Khatibi, A. (2019). Factors Influencing Customers’ Purchase Decision of Residential Property in Selangor, Malaysia, Management Science Letters, 9 (9): 1341-1348

Steiger, J. H. (1990). Structural model evaluation and modification, Multivariate Behavioral Research, 25, 214-12.

Tabachnick, B. G. and Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using Multivariate Statistics (5th Ed.). New York: Allyn and Bacon.

Tarofder, A. K. and Azam, S. M. F. and Jalal, A. N. (2017). “Operational or Strategic Benefits: Empirical Investigation of Internet Adoption in Supply Chain Management”, Management Research Review, 40 (1): 28-52

Tarofder, A. K., Haque, A., Hashim, N., Azam, S. M. F. and Sherief, S. R. (2019). Impact of Ecological Factors on Nationwide Supply Chain Performance, Ekoloji, 28(107): 695-704

Tham, J., Yazid, M. S. A, Khatibi, A. A. and Azam, S. M. F. (2017), “Internet and Data Security – Understanding Customer Perception on Trusting Virtual Banking Security in Malaysia”, European Journal of Social Sciences Studies, 2 (7): 186-207

Udriyah, U., Tham, J. and Azam, S. M. F. (2019). The Effects of Market Orientation and Innovation on Competitive Advantage and Business Performance of Textile SMEs, Management Science Letters, 9 (9): 1419-1428

Wang Li-ping Luo Wen-wen ZhaO Bao-yun (2017). Research on Construction of Teaching Staff in the Process of Local Universities’ Transformation to Applied Technology Universities, Jiaoyu Jiaoxue Luntan, (10),22-24.

Wang Yiding & Wang Weiying (2015). Research on the construction of “double-skilled” faculty in the University of Applied Technologies. Education and Vocation, (29), 63-65.

Yan Haiyan, & Wu Changfa (2011). Study on the Difficulties and Countermeasures of the Construction of Young Teachers in Newly-built Undergraduate Colleges. Journal of National Academy of Education Administration, 201(1), 5.

Yang Yongfei, & Zhao Xiaoyu (2015). Promoting the Construction of Applied Technology University to Serve the Local Economic and Social Development--Some Thoughts on the Transformation and Development of Local Universities[j]. Chinese Adult Education, (3), 19-22.

Yao Xu (2016). Research on the construction of faculty in new undergraduate colleges under the background of transformation. Education Exploration, (5), 80-82.

Yuan Wei (2015). Governance Structure in the Transformation of Local Universities to Applied Technology Universities 1. Modern Education Management, (6), 12-15.

Zhang Jie (2015). The dilemma and way out for local college teachers, Jiamusi Vocational College, (4), 219-220.

Zhang Jinwei (2013). The German vocational education has implications for the construction of higher vocational education teachers in China (Doctoral dissertation).

Zhang Xiaoxu (2014). Research on the construction and optimization of local college teachers. Journal of National Academy of Education Administration, 4, 38-42.

Zhang Xiuwu & Xu Qingyu (2014). Reflections on the transformation and development of local undergraduate colleges. China Higher Education Research, 10, 93-97.

Zhang Yingqiang, & Jiang Hualin (2014). Reflections on Some Issues Concerning the Transformation and Development of Local Undergraduate Universities. Modern University Education, 6(1), 8.

Zhong Binglin & Wang Xinfeng (2016). Analysis of Some Hot Issues in the Transformation of Local General Undergraduate Colleges in China. Educational Research, 37(4), 4-11.

Zhou Aizhen (2015). The transformation of local undergraduate colleges and universities needs to strengthen the research of colleges and universities. Higher Engineering Education Research, (3), 023-023.

Zhu Shizhong (2010). On the transformation and development of the teaching staff of applied undergraduate colleges. Contemporary Educational Science, 9, 47-49.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 European Journal of Human Resource Management Studies

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2017-2023. European Journal Of Human Resource Management Studies (ISSN 2601-1972) is a registered trademark. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


Hit counter