INVESTİGATİNG THE RELATİONSHİP BETWEEN THE DİMENSİONS OF PERFECTİONİSM AND SELF-EFFİCACY İN UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS

Ali Gürsan Saraç

Abstract


The main purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy and perfectionism and the predictive role of perfectionism on self-efficacy. The sample consisted of 173 (104 females; 69 males) pre-service teachers who study at the Fine Arts Education Department, Music Education Program of the Faculties of Education in Mugla Sıtkı Kocman and Pamukkale Universities. The data were collected by using the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale and General Self-Efficacy Scale-Turkish Form. Pearson product-moment correlation analysis was employed to search for relationships between self-efficacy and dimensions of perfectionism; multiple hierarchical regression analysis was also used for explaining self-efficacy. Concern over mistakes, personal standards, parental expectations, parental criticism, and doubts about actions, and organization dimensions of perfectionism were found to be significantly correlated to self-efficacy. A significant impact of concern over mistakes, personal standards, parental expectations, parental criticism, doubts about actions, and organization dimensions of perfectionism on self-efficacy was detected. The theoretical implications of the link between self-efficacy and perfectionism are discussed.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


self-efficacy, perfectionism, undergraduate students

References


Accordino, D.B., Accordino, M.P., & Slaney, R.B. (2000). An investigation of perfectionism, mental health, achievement and achievement motivation in adolescents. Psychology in the Schools, 37, 535-545.

Adler, A. (1957). Understanding human behavior. New York: Fawcett.

Alden, L. E., Bieling, P. J., & Wallace, S. T. (1994). Perfectionism in an interpersonal context: A self-regulation analysis of dysphoria and social anxiety. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 18(4), 297-316.

Allen, I. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, 1-18.

Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundations of Thought and Action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Bandura, A. (1991). Self-regulation of motivation through anticipatory and self-regulatory mechanisms. In R. A. Dienstbier (Ed.), Perspectives on motivation: Nebraska symposium on motivation (Vol 38, pp. 69-164). Lincoln: Univ. of Nebraska Press.

Bandura A. (1993). Perceived self-efficacy in cognitive development and functioning. Educational Psychology., 28, 117 - 148.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W.H. Freeman

Basco, M. R. (1999). Never good enough: Freeing yourself from the chains of perfectionism. New York: Free Press.

Blatt, S. J. (1995). The destructiveness of perfectionism: Implications for the treatment of depression. American Psychologist, 50,1003-1020.

Bradt, J ., & Dileo, C. (2009). Music for stress and anxiety reduction in coronary heart disease patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2, CD006577.

Braver, S.l.,Salem, P., Pearson, J., & Delusé, S. R. (1996). The content of divorce education programs: Results of a survey. Family & Conciliation Courts Review, 34, 41-59.

Brown, E. J., Heimberg, R. G., Frost, R. O., Makris, G. S., Juster, H. R., & Leung, A.W.(1999). Relationship of perfectionism to affect, expectations attributions and performance in the classroom. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 18,98-120.

Burns, D. D. (1980). The perfectionist's script for self-defeat.Psychology Today, pp. 34–51.

Bussey, K., & Bandura, A. (1999). Social cognitive theory of gender development and differentiation. Psychology Review, 106, 676-713.

Creswell, J. (2003). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Curnan, C. (1999). The Care and Feeding of Perfectionists. New York: North Star Publications,

Dozois, D.J.A. & Westra, H.A. (2005). Development of the Anxiety Change Expectancy Scale (ACES) and Validation in College, Community, and Clinical Samples. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 1655-1672.

Dunkley, D. M., Zuroff, D. C., & Blankstein, K. R. (2003). Self-critical perfectionism and daily affect: Dispositional and situational influences on stress and coping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 234-252.

Ellis, A. & Joffe, D. (2002). A study of volunteer clients who experience live sessions of REBT in front of a public audience. Journal of Rational Emotive and Cognitive Behavior Therapy, 20(2), 151-158.

Enns, M. W., & Cox, B. J. (2002). The nature and assessment of perfectionism: A critical analysis. In G.L. Flett, & P. L. Hewitt (Eds.),Perfectionism: Theory, research, and treatment(pp. 33–62). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Flett, G. L., Hewitt, P. L., & Martin, T. R. (1995). Dimensions of perfectionism and procrastination. In J.R. Ferrari, J. L. Johnson, & W. G. McCown (Eds.), Procrastination and task avoidance: Theory, research and treatment (pp.113–136). New York: Plenum.

Flett, G.L., & Hewitt, P.L. (2002). Perfectionism: Theory, research, and treatment.Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Frost, R.O., Heimberg, R.G., Holt, C.S., & Mattia, J.I. (1993). A comparison of two measures of perfectionism. Personality and Individual Differences, 14(1), 119-126.

Frost, R. O., & Henderson, K. J. (1991). Perfectionism and reactions to athletic competition. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 13, 323–335.

Frost, R.O., Marten, P., Lahart, C., & Rosenblate, R. (1990). The dimensions of perfectionism. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 449-468.

Gecas, V. 1989. The social psychology of self-efficacy. Annual Review of Sociology. 15: 291-316.

Gilman, R. & Ashby, J. S. (2003). A first study of perfectionism and multidimensional life satisfaction among adolescents.The Journal of Early Adolescence 23, 218–235.

Hamachek, D. E. (1978). Psychodynamics of normal and neurotic perfectionism.Psychology, 15, 27–33.

Hamachek, D. E. (1978). Psychodynamics of normal and neurotic perfectionism.Psychology, 15, 27–33.

Harvey, B., Pallant, J., & Harvey, D. (2004). An evaluation of the factor structure of the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale.Educational and Psychological Measurement, 64(6), 1007-1018.

Hewitt P.L., Flett, G.L., Besser, A., Sherry, S., & McGee, B. (2003). Perfectionism is multidimensional: A reply to Shafran, Cooper, and Fairburn (2002) Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41:1221–1236

Hewitt, P. L., & Flett, G. L. (2002). Perfectionism and stress processes in psychopathology. In G. L. Flett, & P. L.Hewitt (Eds.), Perfectionism: Theory, Research, and Treatment (pp. 255–284). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association

Horney, K. (1964), The Neurotic Personality of Our Time, New York: W.W. Norton.

Kenny D. T., Davies P. J., & Oates J. (2004). Music performance anxiety and occupational stress amongst opera chorus artists and their relationship with state and trait anxiety and perfectionism. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 18, pp. 757–777.

Langendorfer, F., Hodapp, V., Kreutz, G., & Bongard, S. (2006). Personality and performance anxiety among professional orchestra musicians.Journal of Individual Differences, 27(3),162-171.

Leedy, P. & Ormrod, J. (2001). Practical research: Planning and design (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.

Luszczynska, A., Scholz, U., & Schwarzer, R. (2005).The general self-efficacy scale: Multicultural validation studies. The Journal of Psychology, 139(5), 439-457

Luszczynska, A., Gutiérrez-Doña, B., & Schwarzer, R. (2005).General self-efficacy in various domains of human functioning: Evidence from five countries. International Journal of Psychology, 40(2), 80-89.

Maddux, J. E., & Meier, L. J. (1995). Self-efficacy and depression. In J. E. Maddux (Ed.), Self-efficacy, adaptation, and adjustment: Theory, research and application (pp. 143-169). New York: Plenum.

Mallinger, A. E., & DeWyze, J. (1992). Too perfect: When being in control gets out of control. New York: Fawcett Columbine.

Martin, T. R., Flett, G.L., Hewitt, P.L., Krames, L., & Szanto, G. (1996). Personality correlates of depression and health symptoms: A test of a self-regulation model, Journal of Research in Personality, 31, 264–277.

Mor, S., Day, H. I., Flett, G. L., & Hewitt, P. L. (1995). Perfectionism, control, and components of performance anxiety in professional performers. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 19, 207-225.

Mısırlı-Taşdemir, Ö. (2004). Üstün yetenekli çocuklarda mükemmeliyetçilik, sınav kaygısı, benlik kaygısı, kontrol odağı, öz-yeterlilik ve problem çözme becerileri arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi. Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi, Trabzon

Pacht, A. R. (1984). Reflections on perfection.American Psychologist, 39, 386–390.

Rice, K. G., Ashby, J. S., & Slaney, R. B. (1998). Self-esteem as a mediator between perfectionism and depression: A structural equations analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 45(3), 304-314.

Sherer M, Adams, CH. (1983). Construct validation of the self-efficacy scale. Psychological Reports. 1983;53:899–902.

Scholz, U., Gutiérrez-Doña, B., Sud, S., & Schwarzer, R. (2002). Is general self-efficacy a universal construct? Psychometric findings from 25 countries. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 18, No. 3, 242-251.

Schwarzer, R. (1993). Measurement of perceived self-efficacy: Psychometric scales for cross-cultural research. Berlin, Germany: Freie Universitat Berlin

Schwarzer, R., & Taubert, S. (2002). Tenacious goal pursuits and striving toward personal growth: Proactive coping. In E. Fydenberg (Ed.), Beyond coping:5 Meeting goals, visions and challenges (pp. 19-35). London: Oxford University Press.

Sinden, L. M. (1999). Music performance anxiety: Contributions of perfectionism, coping style, self--efficacy,andself-esteem.Dissertation Abstracts International, 60, 0590.

Smith, S.A., Kass, S.J., Rotunda, R.J. & Schneider, S.K. (2006). If at first you don’t succeed: Effects of failure on general and task-specific self-efficacy and performance. North American Journal of Psychology, 8(1), 171-182

Stumpf, H., & Parker, W. D. (2000). A hierarchical structural analysis of perfectionism and its relation to other personality characteristics. Personality and Individual Differences, 28,837-852.

Yıldırım, F. ve İlhan, İ. Ö. (2010). Genel Özyeterlilik Ölçeği Türkçe Formunun Geçerlik ve Güvenilirlik Çalışması. Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi,21(4), 301-308.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Ali Gürsan Saraç

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).

 
Histats.com © 2005-2018 - GDPR: tracker policy -Integrate your policy - this website policy - Check/do opt-out