FACTORES QUE PROPICIAN EL NIVEL DE ANSIEDAD HACIA LA MATEMÁTICA EN ESTUDIANTES DE NIVEL MEDIO SUPERIOR EN LA REGION DE RIOVERDE SAN LUIS POTOSÍ (SOME FACTORS THAT GENERATES ANXIETY TOWARD MATHEMATICS IN SUPERIOR MIDDLE LEVEL STUDENTS. EMPIRICAL STUDY IN THE REGION OF RIOVERDE, SAN LUIS POTOSI MÉXICO)

Milka Elena Escalera-Chávez, Elena Moreno-García, Arturo García-Santillán, Arturo Córdova-Rangel

Abstract


Cualquiera que sea el status social o económico de un estudiante, no puede negarse que en su día a día, las matemáticas siempre están presentes. Esta disciplina es considerada como una herramienta competitiva para el logro de una vida productiva sin embargo, la brecha en el rendimiento académico es grande, de ahí que en las últimas décadas, la investigación en educación ha puesto su atención en este punto. Por este motivo, los objetivos de esta investigación es comprobar si existe  ansiedad hacia las matemáticas en los estudiantes de nivel medio superior inscritos en una institución privada de Rioverde S.L.P. y si hay diferencia con relación al género. La muestra seleccionada aleatoriamente se conformó de 353 alumnos de nivel medio superior. Se utilizó la subescala del cuestionario de Auzmendi. Los índices indican un buen ajuste del modelo de ansiedad:  con 7 gl,es de9.6747, p=0.208, CFI=0.996 y RMSA= 0.034, además la diferencia crítica de los dos grupos da un valor de 0.00 para el grupo de los hombres  y 1.109 para el grupo de las mujeres, y el valor critico (-4,113) es mayor de 1.96 lo que indica que las mujeres muestran más ansiedad hacia las matemáticas que los hombres. 

 

Regardless of the social or economic position of the student, cannot refuse the fact that day by day, mathematics is always present in his life. This discipline is considered as a competitive tool for achieving a productive life, however, the gap in academic achievement is great, hence, in the last decades research in education has turned their attention to this point. Therefore, the aims of this research is to determine if there anxiety toward mathematics in students enrolled high school level in a private institution of Rioverde S.L.P., and if there is difference in relation to gender. The randomly selected sample was formed by 353 students from the middle level. The subscale of the questionnaire of Auzmendi was used. The indexes indicates a good fit model of anxietywith 7 df, was 9.6747, p = 0.208, CFI = 0.996 and RMSA = 0.034, also the critical difference between the two groups gives a value of 0.00 for the group of men and 1.109 for the group of women, and the critical value (-4.113) is greater than 1.96 indicating that women show more math anxiety than men.

 

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Keywords


ansiedad, matemáticas, estudiantes, género \ anxiety toward mathematics, students, gender

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