Ezenwafor J. I., Amobi S. C.


Poor students’ results in business subjects in Awka Education Zone in internal and external examinations informed the need for this on parental and student-related factors that affect students’ academic performance in secondary schools in the area. Two research questions guided the study with two hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance. Survey research design was adopted. The population was 316 principals and business teachers from the 61 secondary schools in the zone. A structured questionnaire comprising 18 items with 5-response options which was face-validated by experts in the field was used to collect data. The reliability coefficient of 0.81 and 0.77 were obtained for the 2 clusters of the instrument after it was administered to 10 principals and teachers from Otoucha Education zone and analyzing the data collected with Cronbach Alpha. The application of Cronbach Alpha on the obtained data yielded an overall reliability coefficient of 0.92. Mean and standard deviation were used to analyze the data in respect of the research questions while ANOVA and z-test were used in testing the null hypotheses. Findings revealed among others that parental factors affect secondary school students’ academic performance in business subjects at a moderate extent while student-related factors affect their performance to a high extent. Based on these findings, it was concluded that parental and student-related factors all contribute to determine students’ academic performance in business subjects. It was recommended among others, that school authorities should encourage parents to be involved in their children’s academic activities by supporting them financially and morally to enhance their academic performance and that business students should be encouraged to adopt effective study habits to improve their academic performance.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v0i0.234


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