Steve Okul, James Ochieng Sika, Maureen Olel


Free Secondary Education policy was introduced in Kenya in 2008 with an aim of making secondary education affordable so as to enhance access, transition, retention and student academic performance. The purpose of the study was to establish the proportion of pupils transiting from primary to secondary education level from 2013 to 2017 in Mbita Sub-county. The results indicate that an average primary to secondary transition rate of 60.71%, with girls at 60.28% and boys at 61.18% in the sub county between 2013 to 2017. The main sources causing low transition rates were sources of forgone earnings such as fishing, transport sector, charcoal burning / selling and peasant farming. By use of Pearson’s r, a strong negative correlation of -0.789 was obtained between forgone earnings and transition.This means that an increase in forgone earnings would decrease transition. There is thus need for the government to introduce incentives such as additional bursary allo­cations to the poor, increase FTSE fund and empower the locals through poverty eradication strategies.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



education, primary, secondary, transition

Full Text:



Ayodo T., M. ,O. (1991). Educational Economics.

Ebel, B. A. (2009). Repetition and Retention. Grafton company. Illinois, USA.

Chabari E. B. (2010). Challenges Facing Effective Implementation of FreeSecondary Education in Public Secondary Schools in Kangundo District, Kenya. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. Chuka University College.

Karagu M. A., Oanda O. I., Sifuna D. N. (2006). Themes in the study of the Foundations of Education. Nairobi; Jomo Kenyatta Foundation.

Kariuki, P. J. (2006). Gender on Education and occupational aspiration. Unpublished PhD Thesis.

Kimitei J. W. (2010). Determinants of Transition Rate to SecondaryEducation among Primary School Girls in Kenya: A Case of KeiyoDistrict. Unpublished M.Phil Thesis. Moi University.

Ndolo M. A. (2011). Effects of School Based Investments on Access and Financing of Secondary Education in Homa Bay District, Kenya.Unpublished M.ED Thesis, Maseno University.

Ngware M., Abuya B., Admassu K., Oketch M. (2009). Quality and Accessto Education in Urban Informal Settlement in Kenya.

UNESCO (2005b). Challenges of Implementing Free Primary Education in Kenya. Assessment Report. UNESCO, Nairobi Office.

UNESCO (2009). Overcoming inequalities. Why governance matters; regional overview of Sub-Saharan Africa. International Institute of Educational Planning. UNESCO. Paris.

UNESCO (2011). Global Education Digest 2011: Comparing Education Statistics Across the World. Montreal. UNESCO. Retrieved on 22 January 2017 from

World Bank (2009). Youth and employment in Africa: The potential, the problem, the promise, Washington DC.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Steve Okul, James Ochieng Sika, Maureen Olel

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).