Anuna Magnus, Chigozie, Jacob Chiawolam, Binta Ibrahim Zaifada, Gospel, G. Kpee, Ekeh David Onyemaechi


This research was an investigation titled Principals' Leadership Needs for Effective Management of Secondary Schools in Rivers State. Three research questions and two hypotheses were formulated to guide the research. A survey design was adopted with ex-post-facto characteristics. The population of the study consisted of 5,344 teachers and 243 principals in the 23 Local Governments Areas in Rivers State. The entire population was 5,587 respondents. Through stratified and random sampling, 473 teachers from upland and riverine areas and entire 243 principals in the Rivers State constituted the subjects. An instrument titled Principals’ Leadership Needs Questionnaire (PLNRQ) was developed by the researchers. The instrument PLNRQ has 120 items. The instrument was validated and test of reliability utilizing Pearson Product Moment Correlation result was 0.74. Mean and chi-square were used to analyze the data generated from the three research questions and two hypotheses. The study revealed principals' need for effective communication, turning schools into professional learning community, being involved in curriculum evaluation and implementation. Furthermore, the result indicated the needs for principals and teachers to be involved in school inspection, supervision and continuous profession training of principals. Based on the result: recommendations were made as follows: Principals should be allowed to participate in curriculum implementation and formulation of policies supervision and provisions made for continuous professional re-training of principals to enable them manage their schools effectively.


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leadership needs, styles, effective management, professional retraining, skills

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