Sevda Korkmaz


With the foundation of the Republic of Turkey, the process of transition from empire to republic was experienced in an intertwined way with modernization efforts, and reconstruction in almost every field of life became obligatory. Education as a phenomenon that disciplines new generations and prepares them for the future took charge of being the locomotive of this transition process, and it was held as one of the basic issues in republican programs. Experts were needed to implement the improvement programs. For this reason, professionals who are experts in their fields should be invited to the country from abroad. The first name to come to the country was educational reformer John Dewey, just 9 months after the foundation of the republic. Addressing the physical and mental aspects of education as a whole, Dewey made examinations for two months and presented his recommendations regarding the Turkish education system as a report. This report, which constitutes one of the main reference points in the efforts of constructing the education system, was a source for many new practices including physical education and sports in the following years. In this study, the effects of John Dewey's education approach and philosophy on physical education will be examined by considering the reports he prepared.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



John Dewey, physical education, sport, Turkey report

Full Text:



Akyüz Y. (2007). History of Turkish Education: BC 1000 - AD 2007. Ankara: Pegem A Publishing House.

Arpacı, M. (2015). The Population and Body Politics in Modernizing Turkey: Public Health, Discipline, Eugenics. Mimar Sinan University Institute of Social Sciences Doktoral Thesis.

Aslan, C. (2014). Student in Foreign Countries in the Field of Educational Sciences in Early Period of Turkish Republic. Ankara University Institute of Educational Sciences Doctoral Thesis.

Ata, B. (2000). The influence of an American educator John Dewey on the Turkish Educational System. The Turkish Yearbook of International Relations, 31, 119-130.

Ata, B. (2001). An American Educator, John Dewey’s Journey to Turkey under the Light of 1924 Turkish Press. Gazi Faculty of Education Magazine, 21(3), 193-207.

Bal, H. (1991). John Dewey’s philosophy of education. İstanbul: Kor Publishing House.

Bender, M. T. (2005). A new interpretation about John Dewey’s opinions of education. Gazi University Kırşehir Faculty of Education Magazine, 6(1), 13-19.

Bülbül, M. (2009). The solutions from 1920s to the educational problems in 2000s: what has changed since Dewey?. Turkish Educational Sciences Magazine, 7(3), 667-689.

Demirci, A. (2014). Literature review. Yılmaz Arı, İlhan Kaya (Eds.). In Geography research methods (p.73- 108). Balıkesir: Coğrafyacılar Derneği Publishing House.

Dever, A., İslam, A. (2015). A systematic approach of physical education courses in schools in the last period of The Ottoman Empire and the early years of Turkish Republic. The Journal of Academic Social Science Studies, 32(3), 159-169.

Dewey, J. (2019). School and Society. Translation Hüseyin Avni Başman. Ankara: Pegem Akademy.

Dewey, J. (1939). Report on Turkish Education. Ankara: Ministry of Education Publishing House.

Dönmez, C. (2005). Secondary Education in Ataturk and Republic Period. Selçuk University Social Sciences Magazine, (14), 255-268.

Efendioğlu, A., Berkant, H. G., Arslantaş, Ö. (2010 John Dewey's report on The Turkish Ministery of Education and Turkish education system. In Proceedings Book of the First National Educational Programs and Teaching Congress. (p.54-60). Balıkesir University and Education Programs and Teaching Association.

Ergün, M. (1990). Dynamics that determine the westernization of Turkish education. Atatürk Research Center Magazine, 6(17),435-457.

Franck, O. A. (2015). Politics and Architecture: Ernst Egli and search of modernization in Turkey. TMMOB Chamber of Architects Publishing House.

Güçlüol, K. (1985). Inspirations from John Dewey's report. Turkish Education Association Education and Science Magazine, 9(53), 4-7.

Günay, N. (2017). Gazi in the history of Turkish education and culture from Gazi Education Institute to Gazi University. Ankara: Gazi University Faculty of Education Publishing House.

Günay, N. (2013). The Development of physical education in Turkey in Ataturk Period and Gazi Physical Education Department. Atatürk Research Center Magazine, 29(85), 73-99.

Güven, Ö. (1996). Studies to prepare the education of schools that train physical education and sports teachers in the Republican period of Turkey. Gazi Physical Education and Sports Sciences Magazine, 1(2), 76-82.

Keser, İ. K. Date accessed: December 18, 2019.

Kılınç, K. (2009). Sıhhiye as the public space of leading public health projects. In Public faces of Ankara: place political theses on the capital. Complied by Güven Arif Sargın. (p.119-156). İstanbul: İletişim Publishing House.

Kıyanç, S. (2016). Evaluation of John Dewey's reports from a current perspective. In Proceedings Book of Fourth International History Education Symposium. Ed. Ayten Kiriş Avaroğulları. (p.667-680). Turkish Historical Society and Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University. Date accessed: February 21, 2020.

Kirby, F. (1962). Village institutes in Turkey. Ankara: İmece Publishing House.

Lüküslü, D., Dinçşahin, Ş. (2011). Selim Sırrı Tarcan ve physical education. Bilgi ve Bellek, 1(9), 44-64.

Our Education Advisor. (August 10, 1924). Cumhuriyet, p.4.

Ortak, Ş. (2004). The effects of the foreign experts’ reports on the education politics of the Ataturk’s reign. Atatürk University Institute of Atatürk’s Principles and History of Turkish Revolution Doctoral Thesis.

Özkaya, H. (2016). Fight against contagious diseases during the period of the republic. Turkish Family Practice Magazine, 20(2),77-84. Doi: 10.15511/tahd.16.21677.

Özsoy, S. (2009). Turkish modernization, democracy and education: an analysis from Dewey’s perspective. Educational Sciences in Theory and Practice Magazine, 9(4), 1895-1931.

Öztürk, M. (2008). John Dewey’s philosophy of education. İstanbul University Institute of Social Sciences Master Thesis.

Şahin, M. (1996). The place of foreign experts in teacher training practices in Turkey (1923-1960). Dokuz Eylül University Institute of Atatürk’s Principles and History of Turkish Revolution Doctoral thesis.

Şinoforoğlu, O. T. (2015). Selim Sırrı Tarcan and Swedish gymnastics: Integration of Swedish model in physical education into Turkish education system of second constitutional period. Gazi University Institute of Educational Sciences Doctoral Thesis.

Turan, S. (2009). John Dewey's address to teachers at Istanbul Turkish Hearth. Türk Yurdu Magazine, 98(261).

Yeşiltaş, N. K., Kaymakçı S. (2009). Education Understanding of John Dewey and Some Sample Applications on the Education of Social Sciences. Institute of Social Sciences Magazine, 4, 227-242.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Sevda Korkmaz

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2023. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).