THE EFFECTS OF ICT INTEGRATION IN KUMASI HIGH SCHOOLS, GHANA – TEACHERS’ AND STUDENTS’ PERSPECTIVE

Ebenezer Boahen, Emmanuel Atuahene

Abstract


This work looks at the impact of ICT integration in Kumasi High Schools. The educational potential of information and communication technology (ICT) can be pragmatic in a diversity of ways. ICT is influencing education by changing the way of teaching and learning. Schools are making efforts to benefit from the potential power of ICT by integrating it into teaching and learning in their activities. This paper gives a meta-analysis of the literature that aims to present the supposed barriers to ICT integration in the school. The findings indicate that most of the teachers had a strong desire to integrate ICT into teaching and learning. ICT integration in schools has encountered several problems and challenges. External barriers related to access to ICT, environmental supports and teacher ICT literacy and internal barriers related to teacher cognition. When the external barriers are determined, the resolution regarding whether and how to use ICT rests on the shoulders of teachers. The study established that the availability of the ICT facilities is still inadequate in the schools for the students to use. Because of the limited number of functional computers in the computer laboratories, accessibility is timetabled and doesn’t help a smooth integration into the curriculum of teaching and learning. The study recommends that further research needs to be done to appraise the impact of ICT integration fully in teaching and learning in schools.

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Keywords


ICT integration, barriers, curriculum, functional computers, teaching and learning

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v7i12.3534

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