Khwanchai Khuana, Tanthip Khuana


To design the instructional model through impressive educational students of their indoctrinating Research-Based Learning Strategies (RBLS) to their creative thinking skills in Kamphaeng Phet Rajabhat University, and to monitor and evaluate students’ learning outcomes of the determinants and effects of the RBLS which learning strategies enhancing educational students organize of their indoctrinating creative thinking skills. Administration consisted of 38 junior educational students in faculty of education with the purposive random sampling technique with composed of the Questionnaire on Strategized Context (QSC), the Developing Instructional Model (DIM), the Critical Thinking Test (CTT), and the Questionnaire on Student Satisfaction (QSS). Statistically significant was analyzed, and junior educational students were responded of their QSC and CTT which indicated that the scale means showed off 2.56 on the instructional content for enhancing educational students’ creative thinking skills, and standard deviation for the QSC on the developing instructional model indicated of 0.71. The finding also further supported students’ need has indicated that their performances were enhanced to their creative thinking abilities evident of high level. Junior educational students were impressed of their indoctrinating RBLS to their creative thinking skills that it has revealed their mean scores of the QSS were high level, suitability. Students’ learning achievements with the DIM, the average mean scores were found evidence of 26.21, it means as 81% of the variance in students’ creative thinking skills to their instructional management with the RBLS class was attributable to their indoctrination of their CTT and showed the statistically significant between students’ outcomes of their post and pre- test at the level of 0.01, differently. The instructional efficiency value of the RBLS was assessed with the E1/E2 and indicated of 80.73/80.98, and the average mean score and standard deviation of students’ responses to their QSS revealed of high level as 4.26, and 0.46, consequently.    


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



designing instructional model, educational students, indoctrination, research-based, leaning strategies, creative thinking skills


Braxton, S., Bronico, K., & Looms, T. (1995). Instructional design methodologies and techniques. (Dead web page cited by Qureshi).

Collins English Dictionary. (2012). Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins

Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. Retrieved from

Driscoll, M., Carliner, S. (2005) Advanced Web-Based Training: Adapting Real World Strategies in Your Online Learning, Pfeiffer. ISBN 0787969796

EDU Resource. (2014). What is creative thinking, creative thinking definition. Retrieved from

Enkenberg, J. (2001). Instructional design and emerging teaching models in higher education. Computers in Human Behavior 17; pp. 495-506.

Funk, A. & Wagnalls, B. (1972): To instruct in doctrines; esp., to teach partisan or sectarian dogmas; I.A. Snook, ed. 1972. Concepts of Indoctrination (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul).

LessonCast, Next Generation Teacher Preparation. (2011). What is Research-Based and Who decides? Retrieved from

Linde, S. (2012). Research based learning strategies. Educational Psychology. Retrieved from

Mumford, M. D. (2003). Where have we been, where are we going? Taking stock in creativity research. Creativity Research Journal, 15, 107–120.

Pratt, D. D. (1998). Five perspectives on teaching in adult and higher education. Malbar, Florida: Krieger publishing company. 1998.

Simons, P. R. J., Van de Linden, J. L.., and Duffy, T. (2000). New learning. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Press. 2000.

Vermunt, J. D. and Verloop, N. (1999). Congruence and friction between learning and teaching. Learning and Instruction, 9, pp. 257-280.

Wilson, J., (1964). Education and indoctrination, in T.H.B. Hollins, ed. Aims in Education: the Philosophic Approach. Manchester University Press.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Khwanchai Khuana, Tanthip Khuana

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2022. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).