Laila Aman, Saira Naz, Saifullah Khan Dilzak


The study was conducted in Akbar Pura village, located in the Nowshera district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, with the objective of examining the job-related constraints faced by working women. The study aimed to identify the types and nature of jobs undertaken by these women and investigate the challenges they encountered both in the workplace and at home due to family responsibilities. A sample of households with working women was selected using simple random sampling, representing twenty-five percent of the total households. The findings of the study indicated that most of the respondents were literate, belonged to the young age group, and were unmarried; the majority of the working women were involved in teaching professions. The practice of pardah (veiling) was common among the respondents, and it was perceived as both a cultural and Islamic practice. The study identified several constraints and difficulties faced by working women, these included problems related to transportation, instances of men staring at women, time constraints, managing household responsibilities, lack of respect for female workers, and the expectation to return home early. The majority of the women shared these problems with their family members. Based on the findings, the study recommended the provision of a conducive and secure environment for working women so that they can perform their jobs effectively and support their families. It also emphasized the importance of prioritizing women's education to enable them to shoulder the economic burdens of their families. In summary, the study conducted in Akbar Pura village highlighted the job-related constraints faced by working women. The findings emphasized the need for a supportive environment and increased education for women to empower them economically and address the challenges they face in both the workplace and their homes.


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job constraints, working women, rural areas, District Nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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