Harriet Wambui Njui


This paper reviews literature on inclusive learning with a view to making recommendations on the strategies that teachers and stakeholders in education should employ to ensure that their learning institutions are aligned to globally accepted education standards. The paper will specifically focus on teaching strategies that enhance inclusiveness in classroom learning. Inclusive classrooms are critical if learning institutions are to adequately nurture learners with the skills and competences needed in the 21st century industry such as critical thinking, problem-solving and innovation. It is hoped that this review will shed light to education practitioners on the critical factors that contribute to individual learner’s enjoyment of their right to quality education as they go through the teaching-learning process. The paper recommends that an empirical research be carried out in universities in Kenya to determine whether they embrace the principles of inclusive learning in classroom discourse and the inculcation of the appropriate skills. 


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



inclusive learning; inclusive classroom; effective quality learning environments; Kenya


Akoto, M. The concept of child friendly school. Retrieved from

Annual Learning Assessment Report-Uwezo (2011). Retrieved from

Bhawani Venkataraman (2009). Education for Sustainable Development, Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 51:2, 8-10, DOI: 10.3200/ ENVT.51.2.08-10).

Child Friendly Schools Manual. Retrieved from Children’s Learning Styles. Ability Path. Retrieve from (Jan 12, 2011).

Commission for University Education Standard Guidelines for Resources, Kenya (2014).

Education Act No. 14 of 2013. Retrieved from

Government of Kenya (2012). National Goals of Education. Retrieved from (Dec. 2007).

Howland, J. L, Johassen, D. and Marra, R. M. (2012). Meaningful learning with technology. Boston: University of Missoiuri.

International Bill of Human Rights (1948).

Jacobsen, Eggen & Kauchak (1993). Methods for teaching: A skills approach. Prentice-Hall, Inc: New Jersey.

Kenya Law. The Constitution of Kenya (2010). Retrieved from

Kenya Policies/National Goals of Education. Retrieved from December 2007).

Kenya Vision 2030. Retrieved from (2007).

Kibera, L.W. and Kimokoti, A. (2007). Fundamentals of sociology of education. With reference to Africa. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press.

Kiruhi, M., Githua, B., & Mboroki, G. (2009). Methods of construction: A Guide for Teachers and Teacher Educators. Gugno Books & Allie: Ongata Rongai


NanZhao, Z. Four ‘Pillars of Learning’ for the Reorientation and Reorganization of Curriculum: Reflections and Discussions. .

Newsdesk Wednesday, September 21, 2016

Njoroge, R.J and Bennaars, G.A (2000). Philosophy and Education in Africa. Transafrica Press: Nairobi.

Njui, H.W. (2010). “Analysis of the effectiveness of the Teaching-Learning strategies used in implementing the Secondary School Music Curriculum in Nairobi Province”. Unpublished Doctorate thesis. Nairobi: Catholic University of Eastern Africa.

Otunga, R. N., Odero, I. I. & Barasa, P. L. (2011). A Handbook for Curriculum and instruction. Eldoret, Kenya: Moi University Press.

P21, Partnership for 21st Century Learning. is 21st Century Learning and Citizenship All About? ....

Promoting Positive Social Interactions in an Inclusion Setting for Students with Learning Disabilities.

Rodrigue, E., Allam, C., Barrett, J. & Forrest, J. (2010). The inclusive learning and teaching handbook. University of Sheffield.

Sayagi, G. (Dec 1, 2015).

Salend, S. (2001). Creating inclusive classrooms. Effective and reflective practices. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Scott, C.L. (2015). The futures of learning 2: What kind of learning for the 21st century? UNESCO Education Research and Foresight, Paris. [ERF Working Papers Series, No. 14].

Scott, C.L (2015).The futures of learning3: what kind of pedagogies for the 21st century.

Sustainable Development Goals (2016). The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: United Nations.

Tecklemariam, A. A. (2009). Managing Education. A Handbook for student-teachers, trainers and school principles. Nairobi: CUEA Press.

The Constitution of Kenya (2010).

The Right to Education.

The World Programme for Human Rights Education (2010. Retrieved from

Toffler, A. (1999). Future Shock. Books. Retrieved from

Policy guidelines on inclusion in education. UNESCO (2009). Retrieved from

UNESCO, About ESD. Retrieved from (2008).

United Nations Human Rights, Part I. United Nations Instruments and Documents on Human Rights Education (2014)].

Wamahiu, S. (2015). Value- Based Education in Kenya: An exploration of meanings and practices. Republic of Kenya. Ministry of Education, Science and Technology. Women Educational Researchers of Kenya.

Weimer, M. (2002). Learner-Centered Teaching: Five Key Changes to Practice. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Wisconsin Education Council Promoting

Social Interaction, 2001

What is inclusive education? Retrieved from EENET, Daily Nation Feb 20, 2015 › Kenya › Rift Valley Feb 19, 2015 (2009)



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Harriet Wambui Njui

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).